Kazakhstan is a sovereign state. In
December 1991 Kazakhstan declared its independence. Kazak government pursues
the policy of friendship and national accord. Historically Kazakhstan has
developed as a multinational state. According to the constitution adopted in
1995 every nationality can develop its culture in Kazakhstan. All people of
Kazakhstan have equal rights and duties. Both industry and agriculture are developing
here. Nowadays many private firms and joint ventures appear. Kazakhstan has
established diplomatic relations with seventy countries of the world. President
of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev is highly respected not only in this country
but abroad as well because he is an honest and intelligent statesman.
The most important industrial
centres are Karaganda, Pavlodar, Zhezkazgan, Taraz. Our country is rich in
mineral resources and minerals. Copper, iron, zinc, lead, coal are mined in
Kazakhstan. Now the aim of independent Kazakhstan is to become the country of
Kazakhstan is good for a place of
useful health resorts. People can improve their health at the resorts in
Kostanay, Kokshetau, Almaty. They say that Kokshetau is "Kazak Switzerland"
because its nature is beautiful and climate is mild. Kazak people are friendly
Almaty is the cultural, Scientific,
economic and transport centre of Kazakhstan. This is one of the most beautiful
cities of Asia. The city has a mild climate. Summer in Almaty lasts from May
till September with the average temperature of 22 degrees in July. Winter is
not very cold with the average temperature of 8 degrees below zero in January.
The city was founded in 1854. Till
1921 it was named Verny. In 1929 Almaty became the capital of the Kazak
Socialist Republic. Almaty was the capital of independent Kazakhstan till
November 1997. Nowadays the city has seven theatres, many cinemas, hundreds of
clubs, libraries and other cultural and educational centres. The most important
theatres are the Kazak State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after Abai
and the Kazak State Academic Drama Theatre named after M.Auesov. The city also
has the Russian, Uigur, Korean theatres and many other troupes.
Verny had only one gymnasium. Now in
Almaty there are 185 schools of general education, a lot of technical secondary
schools and Universities. Almaty is a University city. Young people from
different places og Kazakhstan come to study here.
Almaty is situated at the food of
the Ala-Tau montains. The climate is very favourable for gardening. Everybody
in kazakstan knows the world famous apples "aport". The citizens of
Almaty are proud of the well known skating-rink "Medeo". It is
equipped with all modern sport facilities. The most important competition are
Almaty is the city of kind and
hospitable people. It is a great pleasure to visit it.
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