Everyone needs at least a secondary education in his life. So when you
begin spending sleepless nights thinking about the study at school, when
you think longingly of school books, teachers and friends and when you are
at age of 6 there is no doubt it – you’re really to go to school. The best
way to get to know and understand the system of education in Russia is to
know what kinds of schools are in Russia and how children study there.
Every citizen of our country has the right to education. This right is
guaranteed by the Constitution. It is not only a right but a duty, too.
Every boy or girl must get secondary education. They go to school at the
age of six or seven and must stay there until they are 14-17 years old. At
school pupils study academic subjects, such as Russian, Literature,
Mathematics, History, Biology, a foreign language and others.
After finishing 9 forms of a secondary school young people can continue
their education in the 10th and the 11th form. They can also go to a
vocational or technical school, where they study academic subjects and
receive a profession. A college gives general knowledge in academic
subjects and a profound knowledge in one or several subjects.
After finishing a secondary, vocational, technical school or a college,
young people can start working or enter an institute or a university.
Institutes and universities train specialists in different fields. A course
at an institute or a university usually takes 5 years. Many universities
have evening and extramural departments. They give their students an
opportunity to study without leaving their jobs. Institutes and
universities usually have graduate courses which give candidate or doctoral
Education in our country is free at most schools. There are some
private primary and secondary schools where pupils have to pay for their
studies. Students of institutes and universities get scholarships. At many
institutes and universities there are also departments where students have
to pay for their education.
Also it is interesting to know how pupils organize their life at
school. So each school or technical has its School or Technical Council. It
helps to plan the policy for the whole school. It organizes the social and
cultural life at the school. School Councils in many schools are chaired by
a student and have a majority of student members. They run discos and
parties, stage drama productions and decorate the student common room.
Music making is part of school life.