Lincoln was one of the most famous
presidents of the USA. He was born in the family of a poor farmer in 1809 in
Kentucky, but soon his family left for the wild forestland of Indiana. He was
taught reading, writing and simple arithmetic, as his family could not afford
better education. When he was 18, he went to New Orleans and there he saw a
slave market. It made a deep impression on him and he began to hate slavery and
he decided to fight against it.
In 1830 he went to Springfield and
became a clerk in a store. He learned much and greatly improved his knowledge. He
entered politics and in 1832 became a candidate for the Parliament of the
State. Soon he became a force in political life and in 1860 was elected
President of the USA. He was an enemy of slavery.
Some of the Southern States left the
Union, and the war between the South and the North began. At first the war went
badly for the North, but Lincoln never lost his courage and soon they won. When
the war was over, Lincoln issued a proclamation to say that slavery was
Lincoln was well known all over America
and everybody loved him. In 1864 he was elected President of the USA for the
second time. But his enemies could not let him continue his work. He was shot
in a theatre in Washington on April 14, 1865 and died the next day.
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