Science is a very important and interesting field of
activity of man. Mathematics as a science is a good example of such activity.
Russian and Soviet mathematicians made a great
contribution to the development of mathematics. World known are the name of S.
Kovalevskaya, N. Lobachevsky and others. There are scientists who seem to be
born scientists. And their life is not always a bed of roses, sometimes their
life turns really tragic. Lobachevsky's life is a good example and a proof of
Lobachevsky was born in 1792 near Nizhni Novgorod.
When he was a child, his family moved to Kazan, where Lobachevsky entered the
gymnasium. His progress in mathematics was very rapid there.
At the age of 15 he entered the University of Kazan.
At 19 he was awarded a Master's degree. At the age of 24 Lobachevsky became a
Professor of mathematics at Kazan University. When he was 35, Lobachevsky was
appointed rector of the University. Lobachevsky was 34 years old, when he
founded non-Euclidean geometry of two-dimensions. His geometry is valid for
pseudosfherical surfaces. It is based on the assumption that the axiom on
parallel to a given straight line.
It was one of the masterpieces of mathematics. Strange
as it may seem, scientists of old Russia and Europe did not support his
geometry. But Lobachevsky was not discouraged. In 1846 he was dismissed from
his office. And still Lobachevsky continued his research work, now at home.
When he got blind, he dictated his new masterpiece-pan-geometry - to his
pupils, Lobachevsky died in 1856 at the age of 63.
So, we see that revolutionary idens in science, they
struggle their way through misunderstanding. And only a really talented and
persistent personality can win.
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